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Lawsuit launched against Catherine McKenna over woodland caribou protection

OTTAWA – Environment Minister Catherine McKenna is being sued for failing to tell Canadians how the country’s woodland caribou are being protected.

The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society filed an application for judicial review in Federal Court in Montreal today.

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Lawyer Frederic Paquin told a news conference in Montreal that the Species at Risk Act requires the environment minister to “form an opinion about whether or not the critical habitat of the woodland caribou is protected.”

“She was supposed to form that opinion more than four and a half years ago and she failed to do so,” said Paquin. “She is quite late.”

READ MORE: Alberta’s caribou recovery plan draws criticism from environmentalists

The original failure to report occurred under the previous government, but there have also been no reports since the Liberals and McKenna took office in 2015.

The woodland caribou habitat was publicly identified by Environment Canada in 2012. The Species at Risk Act says once the habitat of a species at risk is identified, the minister of environment has six months to determine if any part of that habitat is unprotected. Every six months after that, the minister is to produce a report on the progress towards protecting it until full protection is achieved.

The wilderness society argues there have been no reports at all since 2012.

Eric Hebert-Daly, national executive director for the Society, said this isn’t just about producing reports for the sake of reports. The purpose of the reports is to drive a work plan to actually protect the animals.

He said the caribou are an “umbrella species.” Protecting their boreal forest habitat would also protect the habitat of many other species, as well as fresh water sources and carbon sinks which help combat climate change.

“When we do what is right for the caribou, we do what is right for ourselves,” he said.

READ MORE: Wildlife group calls on federal government to stop turning pastures over to prairie provinces

McKenna’s office has not yet responded to a request for comment.

The woodland caribou habitat spans nine provinces and territories. Historically, their range covered more than half of present-day Canada, but they now occupy about 2.4 million square kilometres, about half their 19th century territory. They used to be found as far south as the northern United States in places like Washington, Idaho, Minnesota, Michigan and parts of New England.

The largest threat to the caribou is habitat loss, which has driven down the population. Industrial development remains the largest threat to the habitat, which is mostly on non-federal land.

The species was designated in 2002 as threatened by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. In 2011 Environment Canada estimated there were about 34,000 woodland caribou in 51 ranges in nine provinces and territories from Newfoundland to the Yukon.

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Motorcycle driver dies after crashing into back of Edmonton transit bus

A 24-year-old motorcycle driver died Thursday morning after being involved in a collision with a bus on a busy north Edmonton road.

Police said the fatal crash happened on 97 Street, near 157 Avenue, shortly after 9 a.m., shutting down a stretch of the road.

Police interviewed several witnesses and said the motorcycle hit the back of an Edmonton Transit System bus as it was slowing down to turn right.

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“From what the witnesses are telling us, excessive speed was a factor,” said Const. Joe Slemko with the Edmonton Police Service major collision investigation unit. “There was no braking and that essentially will possibly fall in line with some of the other circumstances that we have to look into prior to this collision occurring.”

Slemko said there was also no evidence of stunting, road rage or impairment.

“We’re just looking at the circumstances as far as the drivers that are involved here, their state of mind prior to this collision occurring,” he said.

Several police officers were on scene Thursday morning and the intersection was cordoned off with police tape. The ETS bus involved was pulled over to the side of the road.

“Obviously the driver of the bus is very shaken up, a lot of witnesses are very shaken up from what they observed. Like I say, extreme rate of speed into the back of a bus and all of them obviously traumatized by what they saw,” Slemko said, adding there was “absolutely no liability on the part of the ETS driver.”

Police said the man driving the motorcycle died on scene.

Drivers were asked to avoid the area while police investigated. The road was closed between 153 Avenue and 160 Avenue, but was reopened by 2:30 p.m.

A motorcyclist was killed in a collision with a bus in north Edmonton Thursday, April 20, 2017.

Morris Gamblin, Global News

A motorcyclist was killed in a collision with a bus in north Edmonton Thursday, April 20, 2017.

Morris Gamblin, Global News

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How university, college students can make the most out of the 4-month break

After they write their exams and empty out their dorm rooms, university and college students have a months-long stretch of time until another school year.

How can they make the most of their extended break?

With that much time off, those in the workforce often dream of travelling abroad, learning a new language or mastering a skill such as baking, painting or working out daily. Students, on the other hand, may have other priorities on their minds.

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“I don’t think there is a one-size-fits-all answer to this question. It’s all about establishing priorities, figuring out what’s realistic and attainable right now, and then setting some goals for yourself,” Ann Douglas, a parenting expert and author of Parenting Through the Storm, said.

READ MORE: Is the summer sapping your productivity at work? Here’s how to turn it around

“This is the last time they’ll have any chunk of time off so it’s a last opportunity. They have to be thoughtful with that time,” Alyson Schafer, a parenting expert and author of Honey, I Shrunk the Kids, told Global News.

After graduating, students end up as juniors in the workplace, often on contracts or without paid vacation time, she said.

“When September rolls around and you say you had the best summer of your life when you managed to accomplish X, Y and Z, what does that look like to you?” Schafer said.

Here are the experts’ tips on how parents and students can make the most of the four-month break.

Gain work experience

Some students focus solely on academics, leaving their resumés bare. In this case, summers are meant for internships, job placements and real-life work.

“Up until this time for some students, there could be zero job experience. You have to make yourself well-rounded,” Schafer said. She’s the mother of two kids – one is at an interim job placement in university while the other graduates in the summer.

READ MORE: How to make healthy New Year’s resolutions that stick

Volunteering is an option too, if it snags students invaluable experience in the workforce.

Others may pick up an extra class during summer school to ease up on the course load once September comes around again.

Replenish the bank account

For some students, managing finances during the school year is incredibly difficult. Summer months are crucial for stockpiling savings to cover expenses from September to April.

“Not every student has the luxury of choice about how to spend their time this summer. Some students will only be able to afford to return to school in the fall if they manage to earn as much money as possible during the summer months,” Douglas said.

READ MORE: Self-control is within our reach even when we’re tired, scientists say

The experts encourage students to take up part-time or full-time jobs, even if it’s in retail or at a food court, for example.

“It’s not as awful as it sounds because at that age, all their peers are working at the same jobs so it’s a good opportunity to make new friends,” Schafer said.

Schedule downtime

If students are in medical school and residencies or chasing after athlete scholarships and getting scouted, the stakes are incredibly high during the school year.

Across the board, students need to earmark time for hitting the reset button and taking a pause.

READ MORE: These 5 life skills are the key to happiness, wealth and healthy aging

This doesn’t mean spending the summer playing Call of Duty, but it would include making time for reading books or taking up a passion project.

“It’s tempting to try to squeeze every conceivable experience into a single summer, but that can be a recipe for exhaustion and burnout – and most university students are already running on empty by the time the school year winds down,” Douglas told Global News.

“Kids are incredibly stressed more now than ever and we have to take mental health issues seriously,” Schafer said.

Build memories

Depending on other priorities, students may use their four-month block of time to travel abroad, go to festivals or volunteer in a different part of the world.

READ MORE: Why forgiving others will improve your physical, emotional health

If your finances allow it, students can take a course in a foreign country for a month or volunteer for weeks at a time building houses or helping out at an orphanage.

Set personal goals

Students need to make time for their inner growth, too. They could set goals like training for a marathon, taking an improv class or joining a book club over the summer. These could be priorities they can’t fit into their schedule during the school year.

Summer is a great time to reflect on what you want for yourself, both personally and professionally. Maybe you could set a goal for yourself of being more physically active (something you might be motivated to do if you found yourself slipping into couch potato mode while you were busy hitting the books) or to volunteer at a charity fundraiser for an organization that’s near and dear to your heart,” Douglas said.

READ MORE: Hoping to stay friends with an ex? Here’s why you need to read this study first

“Just realize that the list of things you’d like to accomplish this summer will inevitably exceed the number of hours available. Don’t let that discourage you. Let that motivate you to make the best possible use of your time,” she said.

How can parents help?

Parents need to strike a balance between offering guidance while being hands off. It’s during these university years that students need to test their initiative and autonomy, the experts say.

But parents also need to be forward and set boundaries. If you can’t help your child financially in the upcoming year, let them know.

READ MORE: Back to school tips for every age, stage and milestone

Ideally, this is a conversation that you had with your kids when they first applied for university.

“You might have said something like, ‘We’re happy to contribute to the cost of your education, but we expect you to earn money, too, by working during the summer months,’” Douglas said.

Talk to your kids without ordering them around, Schafer said. Aim for listening and keeping lines of communication open instead of being controlling.

READ MORE: 12 things parents and kids should do before summer ends

“The greatest way to have influence is to have a strong relationship so your kids will see you as having wisdom and sage advice. They’ll take your opinion and thoughts into consideration because they trust you,” Schafer said.

Remind your kids that they have a purpose, too.

“Let them now there will be an intersection between all of their gifts and strengths and how they will contribute to society. Parents need to provide that kind of spiritual confidence,” Schafer said.

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B.C. election 2017: West Vancouver-Capilano riding

In 2013: BC Liberal incumbent Ralph Sultan won his fourth straight election, defeating NDP challenger Terry Platt 67 per cent to 22 per cent.

In 2009: Sultan won his third straight election, defeating NDP candidate Terry Platt by 13,001 votes, 67-15 per cent—the largest margin in the province.

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History & Geography: Created in in 1966 as North Vancouver-Capilano, and shifting to the west in the 1991 election, the riding consists of all of West Vancouver east of 28th Street, and a small section of northwest North Vancouver. It may have the longest lineage with the BC Liberal Party, having elected the party in 10 of the 13 elections the riding has existed.

By most metrics, this is the wealthiest riding in the province, and is a reliable seat for the Liberals.

Candidates

Liberals-Ralph Sultan: Sultan was first elected in 2001. Prior to politics, he served as a senior office for many financial and natural resource companies, and was a Senior Vice President and Chief Economist for the Royal Bank of Canada. He has a PhD, MBA and Master’s degree from Harvard, and a Bachelor of Science from UBC. Sultan is now 81 years old, making him the province’s oldest sitting MLA.

NDP – Mehdi Russel: An MD and pharmaceutical consultant, Russel was born in Iran, and fought for his country in the Iran-Iraq war. He and his family immigrated to Canada in 2008. A musician, in 2016 he released an album called “The Last Point in the World.”

Green: Michael Markwick: A Capilano University communications professor, Marwick previously served as the president of the B.C. Freedom of Information and Privacy Association.

2017 Stats: West Vancouver-Capilano

Population (2014): 57,173 (44th)
Population Deviation from Average: 7.6 per cent
Area: 80 sq km (55th)
Pop Density: 714.7 (33rd)
Average Age: 47.6 years (10th)
English as Second Language: 34.37 per cent (28th)

Top 3 Second Languages:
Persian (Farsi) – 10.96 per cent
Chinese, n.o.s. – 3.00 per cent
Korean – 2.70 per cent

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B.C. election 2017: Vancouver-Mount Pleasant riding

The Vancouver-Mount Pleasant riding is currently held by the NDP’s Melanie Mark.

Mark easily held the riding for the NDP when a by-election was triggered in 2016 after incumbent Jenny Kwan resigned her seat for federal politics.

In 2013: Incumbent Jenny Kwan crushed her B.C. Liberal opponent, 65 per cent to 18 per cent.

In 2009: Kwan easily defeated B.C. Liberal challenger Sherry Wiebe by over 7,500 votes, 64 per cent to 21 per cent.

HangZhou Night Net

History & Geography: Created in 1991 from the old Vancouver Centre riding, Vancouver-Mount Pleasant contains the Downtown Eastside, Mt. Pleasant, and Strathcona neighbourhoods. The riding has only elected NDP candidates since 1972, including former premier Mike Harcourt. Kwan was just one of two NDP MLAs to hold onto their seats in 2001. This is a safe NDP seat.

Candidates

BC Liberals – Conny Lin: A UBC addictions researcher and behavioral neuroscientist, Lin works for Fit Brains, a Vancouver tech company. Lin is an immigrant to Canada.

NDP- Melanie Mark: First elected in the 2016 byelection. Mark is the first First Nation woman elected to the B.C. Legislature. Prior to her election, Mark worked in the Office of the Representative for Children and Youth, and was a to deputy representative to Mary Ellen Turpel-Lafond.

Greens – Jerry Kroll: CEO of Electra Meccanica, which is producing a one-person electric car and is supposed to hit the market early in 2018. Kroll is a marathoner, with 40 races to his name.

Communist Party of BC – Peter Marcus: There is still a Marxist-Leninist party in B.C. They are running six candidates in 2017.

Independent – Mike Hansen: Hansen has run as an independent candidate for Vancouver mayor several times.

YPP – Shai Jospeh Mor: Mor immigrated to Canada from Israel in 2002. He works in information technology as software developer and systems analyst. The “Your Political Party’ is running 10 candidates in 2017.

2017 Stats: Vancouver-Mount Pleasant

Population (2014): 58,041 (38th)
Population Deviation from Average: 9.3 per cent
Area: 13 sq km (80th)
Pop Density: 4,464.7 (8th)
Average Age: 39.8 years (54th)
English as Second Language: 37.26 per cent (27th)

Top 3 Second Languages:
Cantonese – 8.62 per cent
Chinese, n.o.s. – 5.27 per cent
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) – 3.39 per cent.

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B.C. election 2017: Vancouver-Fraserview riding

Suzanne Anton is the BC Liberal incumbent, having won in 2013 by 470 votes. She boosted the BC Liberal vote by 570 from 2009, while the NDP grew by 800, which wasn’t enough. The Conservatives took 650 votes in 2013. Anton has boosted her profile since the 2013 election, which should help her.

In 2009: Liberal Kash Heed won the riding over NDP candidate Garbiel Yiu by 748 votes, 49-45 per cent.

HangZhou Night Net

History & Geography: A descendant of the old Vancouver South riding, Vancouver-Fraserview is the most southeast of the city’s 10 ridings. Its western border is Fraser Street, while its northern border is East 49th, 41st, or 45th Avenues depending on the location. This is a bellwether riding historically, as the party that holds this area has won the last 16 elections.

Candidates

BC Liberals – Suzanne Anton: The Attorney General and Minister of Justice was a Vancouver city councillor from 2005 to 2011 and a park board commissioner from 2002 to 2005. She was the NPA’s mayoral candidate in the 2011 election, but lost to incumbent mayor Gregor Robertson. Prior to entering politics, Anton was a lawyer.

NDP – George Chow: A two-term Vancouver city councillor (Vision Vancouver 2005- 2011), Chow previously worked at BC Hydro for 30 years as a senior engineer. Chow sits on a number of volunteer boards and associations.

Greens – Eric Kolotyluk: An IT professional and environmental advocate.

Your Political Party of BC (YPP) – Harpreet S. Bajwa: The YPP is running nine candidates in 2017. Their “open platform” includes a Reddit-based online discussion, and a focus on “open government” and sustainability.

Libertarian – Hiroshi Hyde: The Libertarian party is running 30 candidates, four times as many as in 2013. They have been running candidates in B.C. since 1986, but have never come close to winning a seat.

2017 Stats: Vancouver-Fraserview

Population (2014): 62,885 (1st)
Population Deviation from Average: 18.4 per cent
Area: 13 sq km (80th)
Pop Density: 4,837.3 (7th)
Average Age: 41.6 years (42nd)
English as Second Language: 67.18 per cent (5th)

Top 3 Second Languages:
Cantonese – 18.74 per cent
Chinese, n.o.s. – 11.50 per cent
Panjabi (Punjabi) – 10.67 per cent

B.C. election map

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B.C. election 2017: Nanaimo North Cowichan riding

In 2013: Incumbent NDP MLA Doug Routley handily won this riding (46 per cent-30 per cent) over liberal Amanda Jacobsen. The Greens pulled in almost 14 per cent of the vote.

In 2009: Routley defeated Liberal Rob Hutchins by over 4,000 votes, 54-36 per cent.

HangZhou Night Net

History & Geography: Created in 2009 to accommodate population growth from Duncan to Nanaimo, the riding spans from southern Nanaimo at 5th Street to Herd Road in North Cowichan. It also includes a number of northern Gulf Islands, including Gabriola and Valdes. In the last two elections, south Nanaimo and Ladysmith supported the NDP in large numbers, while more rural areas tended to be support the Liberals.

Candidates

Liberals – Alana DeLong: A former four-term Alberta PC MLA (Calgary-Bow), DeLong now lives on Thetis Island. She had intended to run for the Alberta PC Leadership in 2006, but at the deadline decided not to.

NDP – Doug Routley: The deputy critic for forests, Routley was first elected in 2005, defeating longtime Liberal and Socred Graham Bruce in Cowichan-Ladysmith. He worked as a logger, sawmill worker, and owner of a bicycle manufacturer chain before entering politics.

Greens – Lia Versaevel: A conflict resolution professional, Versaevel spent 27 years in corrections, as a probation officer and family justice counsellor.

Independent – P. Anna Paddon: This is Paddon’s second independent run in this riding. In 2013 she finished sixth out of six candidates, with 65 votes.

2017 Stats: Nanaimo-North Cowichan

Population (2014): 52,414 (61st)
Population Deviation from Average: -1.3 per cent
Area: 2,700 sq km (25th)
Pop Density: 19.4 (63rd)
Average Age: 47.1 years (14th)
English as Second Language: 7.51 per cent (87th)

Top 3 Second Languages:
German – 1.26 per cent
Dutch – 0.65 per cent
Panjabi (Punjabi) – 0.45 per cent

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B.C. election 2017: Maple Ridge – Mission riding

In 2013: 1507 vote win; 46.6 per cent-39.8 per cent. Held by three-time incumbent Marc Dalton, a Social Conservative who was flirting with jumping to federal politics but decided not to. Always a close race, but he increased his vote total by 1,500 from 2009, which may suggest changing demographics in that riding that favor the BC Liberals.

The NDP vote declined by almost 100, the Greens went up by a little more than 400 and the Conservatives took almost 1,200.

HangZhou Night Net

In 2009: BC Liberal Marc Dalton defeated NDP candidate Mike Bocking by 64 votes, the second closest margin in the province.

History & Geography: A riding with rural and urban characteristics, Maple Ridge-Mission spans from the eastern half of Maple Ridge at 224th Avenue to the western edge of Mission at Cedar Street. The riding has gone to the Liberals in all three elections since it was created, but other ridings north of the Fraser have elected NDP MLAs in the past. The urban centres of Mission lean towards the NDP, while the rural area inbetween the two municipalities has heavily supported the Liberals in past elections.

Candidates

BC Liberals’ Marc Dalton is a former Maple Ridge school teacher. Dalton was elected in 2009 and is the Secretary for Independent Schools. He is Aboriginal, speaks French and has led student exchanges to Quebec.

NDP’s Bob D’Eith is a Maple Ridge entertainment lawyer. He won the nomination by acclamation.

Greens’s Peter Tam is a data systems analyst.

Libertarian – Jeff Monds: The Libertarian party is running 30 candidates, four times as many as in 2013. They have been running candidates in B.C. since 1986, but have never come close to winning a seat.

Conservative – Trevor Hamilton: Hamilton has come under fire over past social media posts. The BC Conservatives are a mere shadow of the party from the 2013 campaign, when they fielded 56 candidates. They are running 10 candidates in 2017. It’s a small-government, right-of-centre party.

2017 Stats: Maple Ridge-Mission

Population (2014): 58,697 (29th)
Population Deviation from Average: 10.5 per cent
Area: 393 sq km (42nd)
Pop Density: 149.4 (45th)
Average Age: 39.6 years (58th)
English as Second Language: 14.94 per cent (49th)

Top 3 Second Languages:
Panjabi (Punjabi) – 2.75 per cent
German – 1.34 per cent
Korean – 0.81 per cent

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B.C. Election 2017: Burnaby Deer Lake

Incumbent Kathy Corrigan, is stepping down so the NDP loses that slight advantage. Burnaby’s ridings, with the exception of Burnaby-Edmonds, are usually very close races.

In 2013: Corrigan won by nearly 1,000 votes, besting her BC Liberal opponent by about 5 per cent.

In 2009: Corrigan squeaked out this riding over Liberal incumbent John Nuraney by just over 500 votes, 49-46 per cent.

HangZhou Night Net

History & Geography: When Burnaby expanded from three to four seats in the 2009 election, Burnaby-Deer Lake was created, mostly from the previous riding of Burnaby-Willingdon. Bordered by Boundary Road in the West and Imperial on the South, this diverse and dense riding includes BCIT and Metrotown. The area has voted for both NDP and right-wing candidates in the past, but generally leans towards the NDP.

Candidates

BC Liberals – Karen Wang: She moved to B.C. from China 17 years ago and operates three daycare centres in Burnaby. Wang is a graduate of the Xi’an Foreign Languages University majoring in International Business.

NDP – Anne Kang: Chosen to replace Corrigan, who is retiring from politics, Kang has lived in the riding since 1986, and has served as a Burnaby city councillor since 2008 (alongside Mayor Derek Corrigan, Kathy’s husband). Kang is a music teacher in the Burnaby School District.

Green – Rick McGowan: A repeat Green candidate in this riding and the founder of the Metrotown Residents’ Association, McGowan teaches chemistry and English at the Pearson Adult Learning Centre in New Westminster.

Independent – Elias Ishak: Previously ran for the Burnaby School Board. Describes himself as an “anti-politician.”

Conservative – Graham Bowers: Bowers is a high school math teacher. The BC Conservatives are a mere shadow of the party from the 2013 campaign, when they fielded 56 candidates. It’s a small-government, right-of-centre party.

2017 Stats: Burnaby-Deer Lake

Population (2014): 58,195 (35th)
Population Deviation from Average: 9.6 per cent
Area: 14 sq km (76th)
Pop Density: 4,156.8 (11th)
Average Age: 40.9 years (46th)
English as Second Language: 64.46 per cent (8th)

Top 3 Second Languages:
Mandarin – 13.39 per cent
Chinese, n.o.s. – 11.02 per cent
Cantonese – 7.71 per cent

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B.C. election 2017: Abbotsford West riding

In 2013: BC Liberal Mike de Jong won handily, taking more than 50 per cent of the vote. This is a safe Liberal seat.

In 2009: Liberal Mike de Jong won the riding by over 3,500 votes over NDP challenger Taranjit Purewal, 56-32 per cent, his fifth straight election win.

HangZhou Night Net

History & Geography: A riding created in 2009 to deal with population growth in the Fraser Valley, Abbotsford West encompasses the western suburbs of Abbotsford, the core of the city north of Old Yale Road and the Mt. Lehman area to the west. The riding now includes parts of the former Fort Langley-Aldergrove riding.
This is a riding south of the Fraser between Surrey and Hope, and no such riding has ever gone to the NDP outside a by-election.

Candidates

BC Liberals’ Mike de Jong first took this area in 1994, winning a historically pivotal by-election in Matsqui over then-Social Credit leader Grace McCarthy, which effectively ended that party’s relevance. A cabinet minister for all 16 years that the BC Liberals have been in government, he currently sits as Finance Minister.

NDP’s Preet Rai is a three-term Abbotsford school Trustee. Rai is a chartered accountant with a long history of community service. Originally from India, he lived in the UK before coming to Canada in 1995.

Green Party’s Kevin Eastwood works as a grower in a Native Plant Nursery in Aldergrove. He was VP of inaugural class at Quest University and sits as a Council Member in the BC Institute of Agrologists.

Christian Heritage – Lynn Simcox: The Christian Heritage Party —  a libertarian party with a Christian focus — is running five Candidates in 2017, after fielding two candidates in the 2013 provincial election.

Libertarian – Dave Sharkey: The Libertarian party is running 30 candidates, four times as many as in 2013. They have been running candidates in B.C. since 1986, but have never come close to winning a seat.

Independent   – Daljit Singh Sidhu: In 2014, Sidhu ran unsuccessfully for Abbotsford city council, winning 3.3 per cent of the vote.

2017 Stats: Abbotsford West

Population (2014): 60,339 (15th)
Population Deviation from Average: 13.6 per cent
Area: 135 sq km (48th)
Pop Density: 447.0 (39th)
Average Age: 37.4 years (81st)
English as Second Language: 45.09 per cent (21st)

Top 3 Second Languages:
Panjabi (Punjabi) – 31.55 per cent
German – 4.84 per cent
Dutch – 1.00 per cent

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B.C. election 2017: West Vancouver-Sea to Sky riding

In 2013: B.C. Liberal Jordan Sturdy held this riding for the party, taking 52 per cent of the vote, to the NDP’s Ana Santos’ 32 per cent.

In 2009: B.C. Liberal incumbent Joan McIntyre defeated Green Party candidate Jim Stephenson by over 6,000 votes (55 per cent to 22 per cent).

HangZhou Night Net

History & Geography: Created in 1966 as West Vancouver-Howe Sound, the riding consists of West Vancouver west of 28th street, Bowen Island, and all the towns along the Sea to Sky highway from Lions Bay to Pemberton. The Liberals and Social Credit parties have won this riding in every election since its creation.

Candidates

Liberals – Jordan Sturdy: Incumbent, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Environment. Before making the jump to provincial politics, Sturdy served three terms as Mayor of Pemberton, beginning in 2005. He is the owner of Pemberton’s North Arm Farm.

NDP – Michelle Livaja: A communications student at Capilano University, Livaja previously worked for more than a decade at the B.C. Nurses’ Union.

Greens – Dana Taylor: A former two-term North Vancouver City councillor, Taylor is currently the executive vice president of the Mechanical Contractors Association of B.C.

Independent – Tristan Andrew Galbraith: Owner of “Critter Get Ritter,” a pest-control service in Whistler.

Libertarian – Michael Cambridge: The Libertarian party is running 30 candidates, four times as many as in 2013. They have been running candidates in B.C. since 1986, but have never come close to winning a seat.

2017 Stats: West Vancouver-Sea to Sky

Population (2014): 55,129 (54th)
Population Deviation from Average: 3.8 per cent
Area: 11,709 sq km (21st)
Pop Density: 4.7 (67th)
Average Age: 39.1 years (67th)
English as Second Language: 16.96 per cent (42nd)

Top 3 Second Languages:
Panjabi (Punjabi) – 2.19 per cent
German – 2.02 per cent
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) – 0.91 per cent

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B.C. election 2017: Vancouver-West End riding

In 2013: NDP incumbent Spencer Chandra Herbert easily won re-election over B.C. Liberal challenger Scott Harrison (57 per cent to 28 per cent).

In 2009: Chandra Herbert continued to be the youngest MLA in the legislature when he defeated Liberal candidate Laura McDiarmid by 4,000 votes (57 per cent to 33 per cent).

History & Geography: Created for the last election when Vancouver-Burrard was split in two, Vancouver-West End consists of all of downtown Vancouver west of Burrard up to Georgia, and then west of Jervis.

HangZhou Night Net

The NDP enjoys strong support throughout the riding, with the exception of pockets that represent some of the newer condos in Coal Harbour.

Candidates

Liberals – Nigel Elliott: Elliott is a former researcher at the legislature, and now works in public affairs, specializing in public policy, issues management and stakeholder engagement. He also volunteers at a weekly drop-in centre for male and transgender sex trade workers.

NDP – Spencer Chandra Herbert: The critic for Arts, Tourism, Film/TV, Heritage and PAVCO. Prior to being elected in a 2008 by-election, he was a COPE park board commissioner. He and his husband Romi welcomed a baby boy, born through surrogacy on Feb. 14, 2017, the day the last sitting of the legislature opened.

Greens – James Marshall: An animator, artist, and technical artist in the video game and film industry. Marshall is an alumnus of the multi-time world champion Simon Fraser University Pipe Band.

Libertarian Party – John Clarke: The Libertarian party is running 30 candidates, four times as many as in 2013. They have been running candidates in B.C. since 1986, but have never come close to winning a seat.

Independent – Leon David Dunn: Author of the novel “Dreaming Annapurna.” His campaign doesn’t currently have a website or social media presence.

2017 Stats: Vancouver-West End

Population (2014): 57,287 (42nd)
Population Deviation from Average: 7.8 per cent
Area: 14 sq km (76th)
Pop Density: 4,091.9 (12th)
Average Age: 38.3 years (74th)
English as Second Language: 39.14 per cent (24th)

Top 3 Second Languages:
Persian (Farsi) – 4.13 per cent
Korean – 3.30 per cent
Spanish – 3.21 per cent

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B.C. election 2017: Vancouver-Langara riding

In 2013: BC Liberal Incumbent Moira Stilwell easily beat George Chow (52 per cent – 38 per cent).

In 2009: Stillwell defeated NDP candidate Helesia Luke by over 4,000 votes, 59-35 per cent.

The NDP has never come even remotely close to winning this riding. Incumbent Moira Stilwell isn’t running, which is the only thing on the plus side for the New Democrats.

HangZhou Night Net

History & Geography: Created for the 1991 election, this riding is bordered by 33rd Avenue to the north, the Fraser River to the south, Main and Fraser Streets to the east and Granville and Angus to the west. A descendant of the old Vancouver South riding, this area has only elected an NDP candidate once, in 1972. The NDP has support in the Marpole area, but the Liberals have traditionally done very well in the area just south of Shaughnessy. With a high-profile NDP candidate in the running, and the Liberal Incumbent not running again, the NDP is hoping to pick this seat up. The situation is complicated by a high-profile Green Party candidate.

Candidates

BC Liberals’ Michael Lee is a lawyer. Lee is a partner with Lawson Lundell LLP. He is also a board member with the YMCA of Greater Vancouver Foundation.

NDP’s James Wang has been a Burnaby city councillor since 2014. Wang previously served two terms as a Burnaby school trustee. He came to Canada in 1996 and is fluent in Mandarin and English. In 2016 Wang lost a battle for the Burnaby North federal NDP nomination.

Green Party’s Janet Fraser moved to Vancouver in 1993, and has a PhD in Chemistry from the University of Bristol. Until her recent firing, Fraser was the swing vote on the Vancouver School Board, as the only Green voice on a board otherwise split 4-4.

Surinder Singh Trehan is running for Your Political Party of BC (YPP.  The YPP is running nine candidates in 2017. Their “open platform” includes a Reddit-based online discussion, and a focus on “open government” and sustainability.

2017 Stats: Vancouver-Langara

Population (2014): 60,041 (17th)
Population Deviation from Average: 13 per cent
Area: 15 sq km (75th)
Pop Density: 4,002.7 (13th)
Average Age: 42 years (37th)
English as Second Language: 65.49 per cent (6th)

Top 3 Second Languages:
Cantonese – 14.11 per cent
Chinese, n.o.s. – 12.81 per cent
Mandarin – 9.57 per cent